9 Types of Logos and How to Use Them Effectively
This post was last updated on July 11, 2021.
You may not realize the extent to which logos are a part of our lives. Look around you—there’s one on the top corner of your screen, possibly one on your shoe, and definitely plenty more in view.
These brand marks, whether appearing on the side of a bus or as tiny icons on our screens, are a crucial asset for every business. They’re used to represent a brand’s identity and to set them apart from their competitors. A good logo will not only accurately reflect the brand and its character, but will also be memorable and work well in diverse contexts.
When you create your own logo, take into account the various forms a logo can take. From a lone visual symbol, to plain text or different combinations of the two, here are nine different types of logos you’ll find, plus tips on how to use them to create a winning design.
The 9 types of logos
Wordmarks (a.k.a. logotypes) consist of the company’s name, written in a certain typeface. While this may sound very straightforward, as Steve Jobs said, “Simple can be harder than complex.” To successfully learn how to design a logo, you need to pay extra attention to every little detail.
If you’re going for a wordmark, there are a few routes you can take. Some brands create a custom typeface especially for their logo, like Coca-Cola. However, this takes time and requires the skills of a professional designer. Alternatively, you can choose a logo font that reflects your brand’s vibe. Modern logo designs, for example, will generally use a sleek sans serif font, while trendy logo designs might require more elaborate typefaces. Consider whether to go for all caps, small letters or a mix, as well as add any special characters or color to your logo.
A wordmark is a great choice for brands with catchy names, or those that want to get their name out into the world, as their logo will appear throughout all their marketing materials.
Examples: Wix, Coca-Cola, Subway, Casper, Kellogg’s, eBay and West Elm.
Letterforms are one-letter logos that only include the first letter of the company’s name. Often, brands will have an additional version of their logo that comprises their full business name (called a wordmark or logotype, as explained above), to be used in different occasions.
As letterform logos are small, they’re easily scalable. Even when used in miniscule dimensions, they’re likely to stay recognizable, especially if they have a fairly simple design without too many details. This makes them ideal for app icons, favicons, social media profile pictures and more.
Generally, letterform logos are a good choice for brands that are already reasonably well-known. Otherwise, it can be tricky getting people to know and remember your company’s name. They’re also beneficial for brands with long names.
Examples: Facebook, McDonald’s, Netflix and Pinterest, Uber and Beats.
03. Lettermarks/monogram logos
Lettermarks (a.k.a. monogram logos) are typography logos that are made up of the brand’s initials. In most cases, brands that have monogram logos are referred to by their abbreviated version when speaking, like IBM and NASA (when was the last time you heard someone say National Aeronautics and Space Administration?).
Similarly to the logo types mentioned above, lettermarks can also be made using a custom typeface, or by finding a font that successfully conveys your brand identity. Make sure to take into account various typography parameters, like kerning (the spacing between letters), width, weight and style (such as bold or italic).
In certain industries, it’s commonplace for brands to use the abbreviated version of their name. If you’re operating within those, you may want to stick to the norm and create a lettermark logo. Lettermarks are also a common choice for brands with long names that want to be more memorable with a shortened version.
Examples: HBO, IBM, NASA, CNN, HP and Louis Vuitton.
04. Logo symbols/brand marks/pictorial marks
Logo symbols (a.k.a. brand marks or pictorial marks) are graphic icons, symbols or images that reflect the brand’s identity or activity. Normally, these types of logos represent an object from the real world. Some of the best logos using symbols are the kind that you instantly know which brand it is, the second you see them.
If you decide to go for a pictorial mark, consider what will symbolize your brand. Do you want it to be a literal representation of your name, like Apple? It can also be used to subtly suggest your brand’s values or message. Notice, for example, how Twitter’s bird faces upwards, representing hope and freedom.
Finding the perfect image for your logo symbol can be a challenge, especially if you’re a fairly new brand. Not only are you likely to grow, change and add new products as time goes on, but it could also take time for customers to recognize your logo and connect it to your brand. In this case, consider incorporating your name into the logo (see combination marks below).
In addition to making sure you choose a symbol that evolves with your brand, an important logo design tip is to ensure that your design will always remain timeless. While it may be tempting to design a pictorial logo that is trendy and ‘of the moment’, you don’t want to have to create a new logo months later in order to stay current.
A plus to using these types of logos is that they help set a strong tone of voice. Once your company gains recognition, a well-designed logo symbol can become very memorable.
Examples: Shell, Apple, Twitter, Target, Instagram and Snapchat and Major League Baseball.
05. Abstract logo marks
These are image-based logos that use abstract forms to reflect a company’s branding. Unlike pictorial marks that represent a real object, abstract logo marks are more metaphorical.
As they don’t depict a specific recognizable object, abstract logo marks give you the chance to create something highly unique. If you go for this type of logo, pinpoint your brand’s core values. Experiment with reflecting them in a simple, geometric form that will evoke the right emotions and messages. For example, in addition to looking like the letter ‘A’, Airbnb’s logo is reminiscent of the familiar ‘location’ icon as well as being an abstracted form of an upside down heart.
If you decide to create this type of logo, make sure you’ve solidified your brand identity and know exactly what it is that you want to convey to your audience. In addition, an abstract logo mark can be a good choice for global brands whose names don’t work well across different languages.
Examples: Airbnb, Chanel, Nike, Olympics, Google Drive, Adidas and Pepsi.
Mascot logos consist of illustrated characters that act as visual representations or “ambassadors” for a brand. They can be anything from fictitious creatures to real people, as long as they reflect the brand’s identity.
Mascots can be a good way of getting customers to connect to your brand, as people tend to naturally resonate with other humans or characters. You can also use a mascot to create a fun, playful vibe that will appeal to your audience, which explains why companies targeting children and families often use this type of logo. Consider whether your business suits having a mascot and if so, how you can use it to send the right message.
Due to their generally friendly, engaging nature, mascots can work well when designing for social media and marketing campaigns. However, take note that they’re often made up of more details than a standard logo, so may require a simplified version for small dimensions, like favicons or business cards.
Examples: Michelin Man by Michelin, Colonel Sanders by KFC, Cap’n Crunch, Tony the Tiger by Kellogg’s and Mr. Peanut by Planters.
Emblems, also known as badge logos, are typically reminiscent of crests. They combine text and symbolic imagery to form ornate designs with a traditional feel.
If you’re considering whether an emblem is right for your brand, think about the industry you’re in. While there are no rules, this type of logo is especially popular amongst universities, sports teams and coffee brands. A current logo trend is a contemporary take on the emblem, opting for a more minimal approach, which usually involves vector illustrations and clean lines.
Emblems can also give you the space you need to add a slogan that reflects your brand’s message. When creating an emblem, take into account that due to their intricate details, this type of logo can be less versatile and doesn’t always work well on a smaller scale. In those cases, you can create a simpler alternative.
Examples: Starbucks, Stella Artois, Harley-Davidson, NFL, Warner Brothers, Manchester United.
08. Combination marks
This type of logo combines (surprise, surprise) images with words. For example, a combination logo could consist of an icon with a wordmark, or a mascot with a letterform and so on. Some brands have one main logo in the form of a combination mark, while occasionally splitting up the text and imagery to better suit various contexts.
Combination marks are very popular amongst brands from all industries, as they are extremely versatile. You can create a number of variations of your logo and use them for different purposes, while ensuring a clear and cohesive visual language throughout. For example, notice how Lacoste uses their combination mark on their website design, while most of their products only feature the much-loved and recognizable green crocodile.
For companies that are not yet well-known, combination marks can be a great starting point, helping you build brand recognition. With time, you’ll have the freedom to use just the text or just the icon, while remaining recognizable. Also, supporting the text with icons, symbols and other forms of imagery helps potential customers understand what your brand is all about.
Examples: Taco Bell, Toblerone, Dropbox, CVS, Dove and NBC.
09. Dynamic marks
When it comes to understanding types of logos and which one is right for you, dynamic logos are kind of a unique anomaly in that they can take on many forms. This may sound strange, since a general rule of logo design is consistency, however that is precisely what makes dynamic logos so versatile. It is through that very consistency that dynamic logos thrive. These types of logos require a basic framework that serves as the core motif which will appear in any, and every, version of the logo.
For example, think of when you open your Google browser, and you see the familiar wordmark logo suddenly characterized by historical figures, holidays or celebrations, yet you always know it is Google. Their brand has enough clout to transform their recognizable logo into different configurations that are not only relevant and timely, but continue to solidify their brand messaging.
Another great dynamic mark logo example is Hilary Clinton’s ‘H’ symbol. In its original form, the logo has a patriotic red, white and blue color palette, which has diversified into many other variations, which helped convey her campaign message and core values in a very effective way.
Both of these examples show that a dynamic logo is not just a random selection of icons or images hastily thrown together, but a thoughtful and strategic design approach that effectively communicates what a brand is all about.
This is particularly effective for brands that are, themselves—dynamic. If you work in a creative industry and want to stay fresh and innovative, this type of logo may be just the right fit. However, try not to get too carried away with constant change and adaptations of your logo because as customers start to make positive associations with your brand, you want them to nurture that connection. Remember, regardless of which type of logo you choose, consistency is always key.
Examples: MTV, Hilary Clinton, Google, Nickelodeon and Virgin.
Make your own
Whichever type of logo you choose, remember that mindful design will not only elevate your brand, but ensure that customers will remember your logo in their minds long after. Over time, consumers will build positive associations with your logo and your brand, which ultimately adds value and trust.
Now that you know which type of logo is right for you, it's time to create it. Our logo maker allows you to customize text, typography, colors, shapes and much more. You can test out different types of logos with this free tool to craft the perfect one.
By Dana Meir
Design Expert & Writer
By Kylie Goldstein
Branding Expert and Marketing Blogger